Record #181 (edit record; developers only)

Date: 1723


The Workhouse Act or Test (to get relief, the poor person has to enter the Workhouse). The Waltham Black Act adds 50 capital offenses to the penal code: people could be sentenced to death for theft and poaching. This Act has been said to "signal the onset of the floodtide of eighteenth-century retributive justice" (Thompson 23). Excise tax levied for coffee, tea, and chocolate.

Notes: E. P. Thompson, Whigs and Hunters: The Origin of the Black Act (New York: Pantheon, 1975). See also Pat Rogers, "The Waltham Blacks and the Black Act," Historical Journal 17.3 (1974): 465-86. 


*Poor Law

Links for Economics:

Bank of England (Bank of England's official website with brief history and other resources.)



Record Created or Last Modified By:

Laura Mandell

Date Last Modified:



Menu of Dates
Advanced Search

LinkArchive:By Alphabet
Advanced Search