Currently displaying records 1 through 25 of 74 records for the following search criteria:
All Topics begins with "Abolition"






Details May 14, 1772  The Mansfield Decision: Judge William Murray (Lord Mansfield) rules that there is no legal basis for slavery in England, giving great stimulus to the Abolition movement which was the movement to abolish the slave trade and slavery in the colonies. *Abolition  
Details 1773  Thomas Day, "The Dying Negro." *Abolition  
Details 1774  John Wesley, Thoughts upon Slavery (an abolition tract). *Abolition
Details 1778  William Pitt introduces legislation to regulate the slave trade. The case of Knight (a slave) vs. Wedderburn (owner) extends Mansfield ruling to Scotland. *Abolition  
Details 1781  The Zong Incident: Luke Colingwood, captain of the slave ship Zong, jettisons 133 slaves into shark-infested waters to collect insurance. This massacre gives further impetus to the Abolition movement in Britain. *Abolition  
Details 1782  Abolition: Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, an African. Sancho was born a British slave and became a servant for the aristocracy before he began his letter writing. A memoir of Sancho's early life was prefixed to the Letters by Josephy Jekyll. *Abolition  
Details 1783  Olaudah Equiano brings the Zong incident (see 1781) to the attention of the abolition movement and it is brought to trial; Mansfield presides over the insurance trial and rules for the captain. British Quakers organize committees to publicize and to petition against the slave trade. A petition is presented to Parliament and received without further action. *Abolition  
Details 1784  Maria and Harriet Falconar, Poems on Slavery. *Abolition  
Details 1785  William Paley, Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy (challenges scriptural and economic justifications; advocates gradual emancipation and abolition). *Abolition  
Details 1786  Thomas Clarkson, An Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species argues for abolition. *Abolition  
Details 1787  Formation of a Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade in London and some provincial cities. Thomas Clarkson travels to get evidence on the trade. William Pitt the Younger and William Wilberforce attempt to initiate an Anglo-French suspension of the slave trade. *Abolition  
Details 1788  Manchester launches a mass abolition petition campaign. Privy Council Committee for Trade and Plantations reports on the slave trade. Abolition is raised in Parliament. First slave carrying act, the Dolben Act of 1788, regulates the slave trade, stipulating more humane conditions on slave ships. Mass propaganda campaigns begin. *Abolition  
Details 1788  John Newton, Thoughts Upon the African Slave Trade. *Abolition  
Details 1788  Thomas Clarkson, Impolicy of the Slave Trade. *Abolition  
Details 1788  Hannah More, Slavery, A Poem (see also 1790). *Abolition  
Details 1788  Ann Yearsley, A Poem on the Inhumanity of the Slave-Trade. *Abolition  
Details 1788  William Roscoe, Unitarian reformer and future lawyer/banker in Liverpool, writes part I of his "The Wrongs of Africa," numerous poems, pamphlets, and petitions on abolition, peace, and reform. *Abolition  
Details 1788 - 1792  Usually considered the period of mass abolitionist agitation, led by Clarkson, Wilberforce, and Pitt. The West Indian port system is renewed and expanded (through 1792). Government seeks to expand British colonial cotton growth. *Abolition
Details 1788 - 1792  Sugar prices begin a general rise. *Abolition  
Details May 9, 1788  Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces legislation to regulate the slave trade. *Abolition  
Details 1789  William Wilberforce introduces resolutions on the slave trade in Parliament. Commons agrees to hear evidence. The Dolben act is now renewed annually. *Abolition  
Details 1789  Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano. (It becomes a bestseller, aiding the cause of abolition.) *Abolition  
Details 1790  Hannah More, The Slave Trade (a retitled version of the 1788 poem), An Estimate of the Religion of the Fashionable World. *Abolition  
Details 1790  Select Committee of Commons hears testimony on the slave trade. *Abolition  
Details 1791  Abolition: Commons approves a charter for Sierra Leone, its company pledged to oppose the slave trade in Africa. Sugar prices rise steeply. *Abolition  




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